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March 21, 2018

Written by: Gavi Zachary

The roles of women in Indonesia today are being affected by many factors, including increased modernization, globalization, improved education and advances in technology. Many Indonesian women choose to reside in cities instead of staying in townships to perform agricultural work because of personal, professional, and family-related necessities, and economic requirements. At present, the women of Indonesia are also venturing actively into the realm of national development, and working as active members of organizations that focus and act on women’s issues and concerns. But sadly almost 7.000 case of rape against women are reported in this year. Not only rape, violence and discrimination have been being big issues in Indonesia. Not only that the gender equality also being the hot issues that should be discuss in this globalization era seeing women are as active as men. Then how’s the law of Indonesia and the governance seeing this issue? Is there any regulation in Indonesia about this issue? Let’s take a look.



The Indonesian government’s refusal to acknowledge the rape culture is reflected in the narrow definition of sexual assault in the Criminal Code (KUHP). The regulation centers on physical abuse and says less about psychological and economic violence. It left marital rape unaddressed until the ratification of the Domestic Violence Law in 2004.

Despite the narrow definition, the government actually has no shortage of laws criminalizing sexual offenders. Apart from the KUHP, it has ratified international conventions on protection of women and children as well as on the handling of human trafficking crimes and the prevention of child marriage, for example. [1]

in the economic itself there are article 27 (2), 28 A, 28D (2), 28H (2), (3) and (4). Article 33 and 34 (1) and (2) Indonesian constitution The Article 27.



Experts say women in Indonesia are often resigned to the dominant cultural perspective on gender violence. Many victims choose not to report cases because of family pressure, and sometimes because communities put the blame on them. Meanwhile, police often have to release perpetrators of domestic sexual violence at the request of their wives and partners.

Law enforcers also apply an outdated definition of rape requiring evidence such as blood and semen. This and the fact that women are often accused of having invited sexual assault underlines the reality that Indonesia, along with so many other countries in Asia, remains a place where gender equality remains a distant dream.

While the situation can be quickly blamed on weak legal enforcement, little has been done to end the rape culture in the society. In a largely patriarchal nation, women are often taught that they need to avoid getting raped but young men are not told that rape represents a serious crime.



We can conclude that Indonesian government are really slow responding this issues, the government are should be more active and responsive regarding this issues and make women in Indonesia feel safe and secure. The government needs to encourage society to move toward a culture of preventing the perpetration of rape through a persuasive campaign at all levels, rather than relying on prevention through knee-jerk responses.

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